The best bull calves are kept for breeding; the highest-rated cows are flushed and bred to several bulls. Adult males are 145-155 cm high, weight 650-900 kg., and have a chestnut coat with the same pattern as females but darker. There is a small but dedicated group of Vermonters and cow lovers dedicated to the future of Randall Linebacks – a breed of cattle unique to Vermont. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. 800-876-2893 Cattle with "Lineback" color patterns have occurred throughout the world in many breeds. They are fine in bone, and full medium in size. Do You Want Your Broodmare to Foal Early? Randall Linebacks at Chapel Hill Farm, Berryville, VA Ironically, 237 years later, direct descendants of Washington’s heroic oxen are in evidence on restaurant dining menus in … Many of these herds which now include better than 90% of the American dairy cow population were graded up on regional types. The choice of location was an auspicious one because a year previous to the meeting what is probably the only “purebred” Lineback herd was located in nearby Arlington, Vermont. During the 19th century, progressive American farmers coinciding with the development of breed societies began to look again to Europe for improved stock to grade up our native stock. [see below – ed.] In both breeds the pattern is quite fixed; the Gloucester is a unique mahogany color with a small dorsal stripe starting at mid-back while the Pinzgauer is bright red with a large stripe and the gartered legs. In New England this often meant the old unimproved Durhams or Milking Shorthorns, but in New York and the mid-west as well as much of northern Vermont and neighboring Canada there were many herds of Linebacks of both types. Many, but not all, linebacked breeds resemble other regional cattle; the Pinzgauer is similar to the Brown Swiss, the Witrik, the Fresian and the Scandinavian and Welsh linebacked cattle are quite the same as other breeds in their respective areas. Cattle Breeds - Hereford Hereford History The origin of the Hereford has been lost over time but it is generally agreed that it was founded on the draught ox descended from the small red cattle of Roman Briton and from a large Welsh breed once numerous along the border of England and Wales. This is an old breed, during the earlier years of the present century existing in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Weighing cattle can stress them, slow their weight gain and even lead to injuries. Normally the Gloucester does not have the garters. Following World War II, in the stampede for bigger yields, dairy farmers increasingly began to use Holstein bulls to "upgrade" their herds. In some cases this is a matter of random selection. Using the measurements from steps 1 and 2, calculate body weight using the formula HEART GIRTH x HEART GIRTH x BODY LENGTH / 300 = ANIMAL WEIGHT IN POUNDS. The result of this incestuous and close interbreeding has been altogether successful in keeping up the quality of the animals, both in flesh, perfect health, vigor of constitution, and milking quality of the cows to the character of the original dam, and, as Mr. Cole says, improved upon her. The cows were excellent milkers and useful for the dairy. Considering that livestock of all classes has been imported to the United States, it is not surprising that we have our own "Dairy Lineback breed". A comparison can easily be drawn between these animals and that rarest of rare species, the small diversified farmer, who like the Randal cattle has been forced by circumstances foisted on rural society by an unrelenting and unsympathetic momentum of social disruption to divorce him from his rightful environment. Due to the rarity of the pure-strain breed, variations such as red lineback and animals with a heavily speckled pelt instead of a distinct stripe occur from time to time. The English Longhorn, Irish Moiled, Norwegian Telemark, Swedish Mountain, and Dutch Witrick have the Witrick as their characteristic marking, while the Gloucester pattern in which brockling does not occur is exemplified by the English Old Gloucester and the Austrian Pinzgauer. They are a vital piece of living American agricultural history, animals whose like cannot and will never again be found in our agricultural landscape. Lineback Dairy Cattle also known as Witrick is a dual breed of cattle, derived from the Holstein breed, and to whom the Randall cattle bear a strong resemblance. as of this update, should make offspring with terrific udders that will milk extremely well. See more ideas about cattle, livestock, cow. Known for their distinctive colour-sided coloration, the Lineback has a black base and nose with a skunk-like white stripe or finching along the spine. The first pattern is called the linebacked pattern while the second is called the color-sided pattern, the roaning effect in the latter is caused by a gene totally different than that which causes roaning, say in a Shorthorn. The herd had been maintained on the same native. External links modified. The English Longhorn, Irish Moiled, Norwegina Telemark, Swedish Mountain and Dutch Witrik have the color-sided phase as their characteristic marking. These dark areas also exhibit brockling (similar to roaning), with the rest of the body being white. Adult Weight: 1600 – 1100 lbs. The Lineback breed is in between Holsteins and Jerseys for milk and components. Material: Size (inches) Clear: Lineback Cow quantity. Due to the rarity of the pure-strain breed, variations such as red lineback and animals with a heavily speckled pelt instead of a distinct stripe occur from time to time. This is true in both Holland and Wales. These ranged from a pair of steers for pulling, to a yeung bull, a bull calf, two cows and four heifers. The Longhorn and the Moiled are varying shades of red from strawberry to plum with much roaning. The use of the word “Lineback” refers to both appearance and breed. or less, while a female of a type loosely resembling a grade Holstein may weigh 1100 lbs. 30 years later they are still going strong. A remarkable change in the color of these cattle has taken place since in Mr. Cole’s possession. For example, if a beef cow has a heart girth equal to 70 inches and a body length equal to 78 inches, the calculation would be (70 x 70 x 78) / 300 = 1,274 lb Small Farmer's Journal ***Please Note--We also have a tendency to sell Shorthorn Bulls- Brown Swiss heifer calves (out of good showy bloodlines (EX90 pt.cow(s)) As well as the occasional Red and White heifer calves! Mon - Thu, 8am - 4pm PDT. The breed is often cross bred to other dairy cattle, though the coloration trait is generally dominant in offspring, History of Lineback Dairy Cattle-“A Well-Marked Breed”. And still others, such as the native Welsh breed, consistently display several “color phases“, of which the "Lineback" is one. Today we occasionally see a Shorthorn with the Longhorns’ characteristic pattern. There breeds, plus the English Longhorn, probably contributed to the Lineback presence in the United States. Before the Second World War all sorts of unique regional cattle existed throughout the United States. A somewhat opposite effect is occasionally found in Jerseys where a very dark, almost black, coat is accompanied by a gold stripe down the back. Some of them were imported fifty years ago into the vicinity of Boston, Mass., and probably since into the State of New York, but of the exact dates of their later importation we have no account. Undoubtedly, they owe their existence to all of the above mentioned antecedents. It is reasonable to assume that Linebacks were among the cattle imported into the U.S. in the 17th and 18th centuries. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified one external link on Lineback cattle.Please take a moment to review my edit.If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. This animal is depicted as having the Lineback pattern and is identified as a type of unimproved Shorthorn, and was descended from cattle imported to the Boston area around 1840. Jun 11, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Stacey Hicks. BREEDPLAN will only analyse the mature cow weight performance of a cow if her Additionally the Moiled is polled and its name comes from the Irish for hornless and is the origin of our American term, “muley” for a polled cow. My Lineback #521 (pic below as a calf) weighed under 1000lbs and her first calve weighed 100lbs. Lineback’s were a very dual-purpose animal, fulfilling the owners’ needs for both milk and meat. The current “Idealistic Lineback Cow” The “Lineback cow” has been up-bred to be a very productive dairy cow. In others, the markings are a distinct characteristic of the breed; while in some it is one of a number of patterns common to a local type. This was a convenient port geographically for the export of the Gloucester and its immediate ancestor, the Glamorgan, from South Wales. English Longhorns found their way to both New England and to Kentucky as well. Of the variations found, the Witrick variety predominating over the Gloucester. The herd had been maintained on the poorest of feed and kept out most of the year, the entire herd running together. For tropical breeds, this age is 3.0 years (1090 days). Although we were acquainted with a few of them in the year 1835, we had lost sight of them until recently, when they were brought to our notice by the owner of a herd of about thirty in number, Mr. Truman A. Cole, at Solsville, Madison Co., N.Y. On June 1, 1985 the first meeting of the American Lineback Cattle Registry was held in Manchester, Vermont. This cow was then in calf by a bull of the same breed. The bulls are noticeably well-mannered. While not a commonplace breed, they are found in small numbers as "productive pets" amid larger numbers of other dairy cattle breeds on dairy farms throughout North America. This cow breed is known for high milk efficiency. Additionally, many British ships coming to America were sailing from Bristol, a geographically convenient port for the export of Gloucester and Welsh cattle. In the stampede for bigger yields at all cost, dairy farmers increasingly began to avail themselves of registered bulls, which more often than not came to mean Holstein bulls, to “upgrade” their herds. While not a commonplace breed, they are found in small numbers as "productive pets" amid larger numbers of other dairy cattle breeds on dairy farms throughout North America. Originally Dutch cattle were more often red and white, and red and whites still crop out in Fresian herds. – ed. During this period Welsh cattle were commonly driven to the English counties and the Bristol area would have been a logical place for them to accumulate. Discussion Starter • #1 • Jun 9, 2004. They are easy to manage yet they display an almost feral intelligence. 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